35 lakh students of Class 10 not reaching Class 11: Report – Times of India

35 lakh students of Class 10 not reaching Class 11: Report – Times of India


Pass percentages swing wildly from board to board, a study report by the Union ministry of education reveals. In senior secondary exams, while Meghalaya has a pass percentage of 57%, the figure in Kerala shoots up to 99.85%.
Among the challenges identified by the ministry – in an assessment of Class 10 and 12 exam results – are huge deviations in performance of students across the boards, lack of a level playing field for the students in terms of standards and movement across the boards, and barriers for national-level entrance tests created by different syllabi.

The report notes 11 states – UP, Bihar, MP, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Karnataka, Assam, Bengal, Haryana and Chhattisgarh – contribute to 85% of school dropouts.
Thirty five lakh students of Class 10 are not reaching Class 11, 27.5 lakh students are failing and 7.5 lakh students are not appearing for the exam,” the report said. The assessment has also pointed out that the top five boards (UP, CBSE, Maharashtra, Bihar and West Bengal) cover about 50% of students and the rest are enrolled in 55 boards across the country.
According to Sanjay Kumar, secretary, school education, MoE, the difference between pass percentages of various states has led the education ministry to now look at standardising the assessment pattern for all 60 school boards across various states in the country. The other reason behind the standardisation attempt is to contain the dropouts at the level of Class 10.
The study noted that the deviations might be due to different pattern and approach followed by boards and convergence of secondary and higher secondary board into a single board in a state can help students. The report recommended that state boards may converge science syllabus with the central boards so that students have level playing field for common exams like JEE and NEET.
Currently, there are three central boards in India – Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) and the National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS). Apart from these, various states have their own state boards, taking the total number of school boards to 60.
Among possible causes for higher failure rate in state boards include higher pupil teacher ratio, less number of trained teachers and teachers per school. This contributes to low Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) and also affects India’s overall rank in global indices.

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